“He was conceived by
the Holy Spirit and born
of the Virgin Mary”

  1. What does it mean that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit?
    Jesus was conceived not through a human father but by the Holy Spirit coming upon the Virgin Mary in power. (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18–20; Luke 1:26–38)
  2. What happened at Jesus’ conception in Mary’s womb?
    The eternal Son, whom God named Jesus, assumed a fully human nature from his mother, the Virgin Mary, at the moment of conception in her womb. ( John 1:1–3, 14; 8:56–58; Philippians 2:6–8;
    Colossians 2:9)
  1. Why is it important to say that Jesus was born?
    It is important to affirm that he is one of us: truly human, born to a human mother, and raised in a human family. (Luke 2:41–52; Hebrews 2:17–18)
  2. Was Mary the only biological parent of Jesus?
    Yes. While still a virgin, Mary submitted to the will of God and bore the Son of God. Therefore, she is held in high honor. However, in obedience to God, Joseph took Mary as his wife and raised Jesus as his son. (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:18–25; 13:55)

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